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Gambling in Mississippi: Its Early History lesson plan

OVERVIEW

Even though casino gambling was legalized in 1990, gambling has been a part of the daily lives of native Mississippians for centuries. From the period before European colonization to current times, gambling has served as a form of recreation as well as an economic venture for Mississippians. Today Mississippi has more than 25 gambling properties located in a number of counties along the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast, as well as the gambling properties of the Choctaw Indians in Neshoba County.

CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS

Mississippi Studies Framework: Competencies 1, 3 and 4.

TEACHING LEVELS

Grades 7 through 12.

MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

Pen/pencil

Overhead projector

Overhead pen and transparency

Chalk/chalkboard

Notebook paper

Mississippi History Now article

OBJECTIVES

The students will:

diagram the historical development of gambling in Mississippi.

determine the effects of factors that influenced the development of gambling in Mississippi.

analyze the factors that affect gambling in Mississippi today.

OPENING THE LESSON

The teacher will ask the students the following questions:

 

1.

Define the word gambling (many students will relate the term to the current use of the word "gaming" industry in Mississippi).

2.

How long has gambling existed in Mississippi? (some students, depending on age, will suggest that gambling has only existed since the 1990s).

3.

How does the state benefit from legalized casino gambling today?

The teacher will explain to the students that gambling in our state has actually been a part of our culture for centuries. The teacher can use a map of Mississippi to show historical locations of former gambling establishments listed in the Mississippi History Now article. The teacher will explain to the students that over the next few days they will learn about the history of gambling in Mississippi.

DEVELOPING THE LESSON

1.

The teacher will place the web located at the end of the lesson plan on the chalkboard or an overhead transparency. The following headings should be placed on the web: Pre-European, Colonial, Early Statehood, Post Civil War, Early 20th Century, and Modern 20th Century. The teacher will distribute copies of the Mississippi History Now article to each student, or have them read the article online.

2.

The teacher will ask the students to read the article and volunteer to share the practices of gambling common to each time period listed on the web. The student answers can be listed on the web. Students can also copy the web into their history notebooks.

3.

Once the web and class discussion has been completed, the teacher can allow students to choose a partner or assign the students a partner for the next portion of the lesson.

4.

Students will be asked to copy the chart below into their notebooks, or the teacher can provide a copy to each student.

5.

The students will be instructed to use the Mississippi History Now article to determine the positive and/or negative effects of each factor that played a part in the development of gambling in Mississippi.

6.

Once the charts are completed, the teacher will ask for student volunteers to share their answers with the class. The teacher can also display this chart on an overhead transparency or the chalkboard. This chart can be used to record the student answers.

 

Positive Effects

Factors that influenced the development of gambling

Negative Effects

 

Geography

 

 

Government

 

 

Hotels

 

 

Military

 

 

Religion

 

 

Transportation

 

 

Weather

 

7.

The students can continue to work with their partners for this portion of the lesson. Students will be asked to use internet resources as well as reference books about Mississippi to determine how one of the following factors plays a part in the current gambling industry in Mississippi (Example: humid sub-tropical environment allows for golf course facilities and other amenities to be marketed by casinos, etc.).

 

Geography

Government

Transportation

Weather

8.

For teachers who feel that research on the current gambling industry is not appropriate for their students, the students could be instructed to compose an essay by using information found on the student-constructed charts. Students can be asked to compose a paragraph that describes the factors that influenced the development of gambling in Mississippi.

CLOSING THE LESSON

Student volunteers will be asked to share their essays with the class.

ASSESSING STUDENT LEARNING

1.

Class participation

2.

Charts

3.

Essays

4.

Webs

EXTENDING THE LESSON

1.

Students can research some of the games played by American Indians.

2.

Students can construct Mississippi maps that show the location of gambling establishments in the state.

3.

Students can explore the economic impact of gambling in various Mississippi locations.

4.

Student can explore job opportunities in the gambling industry.

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